Food exchange list. The diabetic exchange list the exchange lists are the basis of a meal planning system designed by a. The lists are grouped into three main. A food exchange list is a system of determining a daily food plan based on units or exchanges of various food types. Starches fruits and fruit juices milk yogurt and dairy like foods non starchy vegetables sweets desserts and other carbohydrates meats and meat substitutes fats.
You can use the american dietetic association food exchange lists to check out serving sizes for each group of foods and to see what other food choices are available for each group of foods. Each exchange list contains foods that are alike. The effectiveness of low sodium diet was determined using a diet planned through food exchange list for hypertensive patients and it was found that low sodium diet prepared using exchange list was more effective than the one prepared using food composition tables. In the amounts given all choices on each list are equal.
To use the exchange lists an individual needs an individualized meal plan that outlines the number of exchanges from each list for each meal and for snacks. As you read the exchange lists you will notice that one choice is. Foods on each list have about the same amount of carbohydrate protein fat and calories. The nutrient content of each item on the list is calculated according to its serving size so that items in the same category have approximately the same nutritional value.
Each food choice on a list contains about the same amount of carbohydrate protein fat and calories as the other choices on that list. Within each food list one exchange is approximately equal to another in calories carbohydrate protein and fat. With this method you fill your plate with more non starchy veggies and smaller portions of starchy foods and proteinno special tools or counting required. Create your plate is a simple and effective way to manage your blood glucose levels and lose weight.
Tuna canned in water. Diet cheeses less than 3 grams fat and 55 calories per oz 1 oz. Each exchange list contains foods that are alike. The exchange lists group foods together because they are alike.
The following pages separate foods into these seven groups. Their carbohydrate protein fat and calorie content. Sandwich meats with 3 grams of fat or less per ounce. Food exchange list for meal planning author.
Patient health education resources subject.